Calendar Wiki
Wikipedia This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Date format by country. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the Calendar Wikia, the text of Wikipedia is available under Creative Commons License. See Wikia:Licensing.

This page gives an overview of date formats by country.


All examples for 22 April 1996 or April 22, 1996 or 1996 April 22 or 1996-04-22.

Basic components of a calendar date for the most common calendar systems:

  • Y – Year
  • M – Month
  • D – Day

Order of the basic components:

  • BBig-endian (year, month, day), e.g. 1996-04-22 or 1996.04.22 or 1996/04/22 or 1996 April 22
  • LLittle-endian (day, month, year), e.g. 22.04.1996 or 22-04-1996 or 22 April 1996
  • MMiddle-endian (month, day, year), e.g. 04/22/1996 or April 22, 1996

Specific formats for the basic components

  • yyyy – Four-digit year, e.g. 1996
  • yy – Two-digit year, e.g. 96
  • m – one-digit month for months below 10, e.g. 4
  • mm – Two-digit month, e.g. 04
  • mmm - three-letter abbreviation for the month
  • mmmm - month spelled out in full
  • d – a one-digit day for days below 10, e.g. 2
  • dd – two-digit day, e.g. 02

Separators of the components

  • "/" – Slash
  • "." – Dots or full stops
  • "-" – Hyphens or dashes
  • " " – Spaces


Date format by country.png

Colors for one endian form are one of the base colors of the CMYK color model:

yellow = Big-endian cyan = Little-endian magenta = Middle-endian.
Abbr. B/L/M YMD/DMY/MDY Main regions and countries Pop.*
Yellow B YMD China (1340), Korea, Iran (80), Japan (130), Hungary, Lithuania. Due to ISO 8601 this is known in other countries too. 1500
Cyan L DMY India (1190), Latin America (370), Asia (Central, SE, West), most of Europe (ca. 800), North Africa, Australia (20) 3200
Magenta M MDY United States (310), Belize 310
Green B, L YMD, DMY Nepal, South Africa, Austria, Portugal, Sweden, Norway, Denmark 110
Red L, M DMY, MDY Philippines (90), Saudi Arabia (30) 120
Blue B, M YMD, MDY 0
Grey B, L, M YMD, DMY, MDY Canada (30) 30

* Approximate population in millions rounded to full 10

Listing by Country[]

Country YMD DMY MDY Details ISO 8601
Albania YMD DMY MDY dd/mm/yyyy
some YMD[1][2][3]
Algeria DMY [4] (dd/mm/yyyy) [5]
Argentina DMY [6][7]
Armenia DMY ([8][9]
Australia DMY [10][11][12] AS 3802:1997
Austria DMY (using dots (which denote ordinal numbering) as in “d.m.(yy)yy” or sometimes "d. month (yy)yy")[13][14] OENORM EN 28601
Azerbaijan DMY ([15]
Bahrain DMY [16]
Bangladesh DMY (century digits may be omitted, e.g., dd-mm-yy)[17]
Barbados DMY BNS 50:2000[18]
Basque Country YMD (when written in basque)[19]
Belarus DMY ([20][21]
Belgium DMY [22][23] NBN EN 28601
Belize MDY [24]
Bolivia DMY [25]
Bosnia and Herzegovina DMY
Brazil DMY (dd/mm/yyyy)[26][27]
Bulgaria DMY ([28][29]
Canada MDY All 3 main types are used in Canada – in French and in English.[30][31]

Social Insurance applications for Canada use DMY format.[32]

Passport applications[33] and tax returns[34] use YYYY MM DD.

Nearly all newspapers use MDY (MMM[M] D, YYYY).[35]

The default date format used by Microsoft Windows 7 for English (Canada) regional format is DD/MM/YYYY for all-numeric dates (short-date) and MMMM D, YYYY for long-dates. Beginning with Windows 8, the default short date format for English (Canada) was changed from dd/MM/yyyy to yyyy-MM-dd; for French (Canada) regional format it is YYYY-MM-DD for short-date and D MMMM YYYY for long-dates.

CSA Z234.5:1989
Chile DMY [36]
China, People's Republic of YMD yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 (with no leading zeroes)[37] GB/T 7408-2005
Colombia DMY [38]
Costa Rica DMY [39]
Croatia DMY (d. m. yyyy. or d. month yyyy.; yyyy-mm-dd also used widely)[40][41]
Cyprus DMY
Czech Republic DMY (d. m. yyyy or d. month yyyy)[42][43] CSN ISO 8601
Denmark YMD DMY (The format dd-mm-(yy)yy is the traditional Danish date format.[44] The international format yyyy-mm-dd or yyyymmdd is also accepted. There are no preferences, although the traditional format is the most widely used. The formats d. 'monthname' yyyy and in handwriting d/m-yy or d/m yyyy are also acceptable.[45]) DS/ISO 8601:2005
Dominica DMY
Dominican Republic DMY [46]
Ecuador DMY [47]
Egypt DMY [48][49]
El Salvador DMY [50]
Estonia DMY (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy)[51][52]
Federated States of Micronesia MDY [53]
Finland DMY (d.m.yyyy or d. month yyyy)[54] SFS-EN 28601
France DMY (dd-mm-yyyy or dd/mm/yyyy)[55][56] NF EN 28601
Georgia DMY (
Germany YMD DMY (The format d(d).m(m).(yy)yy (using dots (which denote ordinal numbering)) is the traditional German date format.[57] Since 1996-05-01, the international format yyyy-mm-dd has become the official standard date format, but the handwritten form d. 'monthname' yyyy is also accepted (see DIN 5008)., standardization applies only for a small part of official correspondence. While the international format is meanwhile in use, the majority of the population continue to use the ordinal format d(d).m(m).(yy)yy.) DIN ISO 8601, used in DIN 5008 [58]
Greece DMY [59][60] ELOT EN 28601
Greenland DMY ([61][62]
Grenada DMY
Guatemala DMY [63]
Guyana DMY
Hong Kong YMD DMY (yy)yy年m月d日 (with no leading zeroes) for Chinese[64] and (d)d/(m)m/(yy)yy for English
Honduras DMY [65]
Hungary YMD yyyy. mm. dd.

[66][67][68] and the number of the month is traditionally written in Roman numerals[69])

MSZ ISO 8601:2003
Iceland DMY ([70][71] IST EN 28601:1992
India DMY ( in Bengali; dd-mm-yyyy in Kannada, Gujarati, Hindi, Marathi, Punjabi, Tamil; d-m-yyyy in Telugu, no leading zeroes used)[72][73] IS 7900:2001
Indonesia DMY (dd/mm/yyyy) (dd-mm-yyyy)[74]
Iran YMD yyyy/mm/dd[75] in Persian Calendar system ("yy/m/d" is a common alternative), yyyy-mm-dd[76] in Gregorian or Julian Calendar system)
Iraq DMY (dd/mm/yyyy)[77]
Ireland DMY (dd-mm-yyyy). dd/mm/yyyy is also in common use[78][79] IS/EN 28601:1993
Israel DMY (dd/mm/yyyy)[80][81]
Italy DMY (dd/mm/yyyy)[82] UNI EN 28601
Jamaica DMY [83]
Japan YMD often in the form yyyy年mm月dd日;[84] sometimes Japanese era year is used, e.g. 平成18年12月30日.[85] JIS X 0301-2002
Jordan DMY [86][87]
Kazakhstan DMY ([88]
Kenya YMD DMY (yy/mm/dd)[89]


Korea YMD (yyyy년 mm월 dd일,, yyyy/mm/dd)[91]
Kuwait DMY [92]
Kyrgyzstan DMY ([93]
Latvia YMD DMY (;[94] is also used[95])
Lebanon DMY [96]
Libya DMY [97]
Lithuania YMD (yyyy-mm-dd)[98] LST ISO 8601:1997
Luxembourg DMY (dd/mm/yyyy in French,[99] d.m.yyyy in German[100]) ITM-EN 28601
Macau YMD DMY YMD (same as Hong Kong)[101]

DMY (in Portuguese & English)

Macedonia DMY ([102]
Malaysia DMY [103]
Malta DMY
Mexico DMY [104] NOM-008-SCFI-2002
Mongolia YMD ([105]
Montenegro DMY (d.m.yyyy)[106]
Morocco DMY [107]
Myanmar YMD DMY YMD for Burmese calendar. DMY for Gregorian or Julian calendar.
Nepal YMD (also see Nepal Sambat which is also in use)
Netherlands DMY (using hyphens as in “dd-mm-(yy) yy”, very often "d month (yy)yy")[108] NEN ISO 8601 & NEN EN 28601 & NEN 2772
New Zealand DMY [109]
Nicaragua DMY [110]
Norway DMY[111]

(d.m.y; the fraction form d/m-y is common, but incorrect[112])

NS-ISO 8601
Oman DMY [113]
Pakistan DMY [114][115] (dd/mm/(yy)yy)
Palau MDY
Panama DMY [116]
Paraguay DMY [117]
Peru DMY [118]
Philippines DMY MDY (dd/mm/yyyy) for Filipino Language and (mm/dd/yyyy) for English Language[119]
Poland DMY (,[120] often with dots as separators; more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy, or, less frequently, d <month in Roman numerals> yyyy)[121][122] PN-90/N-01204
Portugal DMY (dd/mm/yyyy)[123] NP EN 28601
Qatar DMY [124]
Romania DMY ([125][126] Also widely used: (d)d-Mmm(3 letters of month NAME with the notable exception of Nov for November)-yyyy and (d)d-XII-yyyy (Month number as a roman numeral with lines above AND below, slowly deprecating)
Russia DMY (;[127] more official is d <month in genitive> yyyy <г. (= g., short for goda, i.e. year in genitive)> ГОСТ ИСО 8601-2001
Saint Kitts and Nevis DMY
Saint Lucia DMY
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines DMY
Saudi Arabia DMY (dd/mm/yyyy in Islamic and Gregorian calendar systems,[128][129] except for major companies, which conventionally use the American mm/dd/yyyy format)
Serbia DMY ([130][131][132][133]
Singapore YMD DMY (Chinese representation: yyyy年m月d日, no leading zeroes)[134]

DMY in English[135]

Slovakia DMY (d.m.yyyy)[136]
Slovenia YMD DMY YMD[137]

(d.m.yyyy or d. mmmm yyyy)[138]

South Africa YMD (yyyy/mm/dd or yyyy-mm-dd;[139][140] "d/m/yy" is a common alternative) ARP 010:1989
Spain DMY (dd/mm/(yy)yy)[141] UNE EN 28601
Sri Lanka DMY
Sudan DMY
Suriname DMY
Sweden YMD DMY National standard format is yyyy-mm-dd,[142] casually many people use d/m yyyy or d/m -yy. SS-EN 28601
Switzerland DMY ([143][144] SN ISO 8601:2005-08
Syria DMY [145]
Taiwan, Republic of China YMD (yyyy-mm-dd or yyyy年m月d日 with no leading zeroes,[37] year might be represented using ROC era system: 民國95年12月30日.[146])
Tajikistan DMY ([147]
Thailand DMY (with Buddhist Era years instead of Common Era)[148] TIS 1111:2535 in 1992
Trinidad and Tobago DMY [149]
Tunisia DMY [150]
Turkey DMY [151][152]
Turkmenistan DMY ([153][154]
Ukraine DMY (;[155][156] some cases of dd/mm/yyyy[157])
United Arab Emirates DMY [158][159]
United Kingdom YMD DMY [160] dd/mm/yyyy. Sometimes written dd Month yyyy. Date in numerical format never omits the year. e.g. 10th September is OK , 10/09 is not.

One exception is The 7/7 bombings - named as such by popular media, likely so that it would be associated with US 9/11 attacks. (Officially this is called the 7th July 2005 London bombings)

The ISO 8601 format (yyyy-mm-dd) is increasingly used for all-numeric dates.[161]

BS ISO 8601:2004
United States of America MDY (civilian vernacular: mm/dd/yy or mm/dd/yyyy;[162][163] other formats, including dd Month yyyy and yyyy-mm-dd, are common or prescribed—particularly in military, academic, scientific, computing, industrial, or governmental contexts. See Date and time notation in the United States.) ANSI INCITS 30-1997 (R2008) and NIST FIPS PUB 4-2
Uruguay DMY [164][165]
Uzbekistan DMY ( Cyrillic, dd/mm yyyy Latin)[166][167][167]
Venezuela DMY [168][169][170]
Vietnam DMY [171]
Yemen DMY [172][173]

External links[]


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